bullet Digital Sensors and Sensor Systems: Practical Design



  Title: Digital Sensors and Sensor Systems: Practical Design

  Author: Sergey Y. Yurish

  Publisher: International Frequency Sensor Association (IFSA) Publishing

  Format: printable pdf (Acrobat), 419 pages

  Price: 110.00 EUR (e-book in pdf format) and 135.00 EUR (print hardcover book). Taxes and shipping costs are included.

  Pubdate: 11 November 2011

  e-ISBN: 978-84-615-6957-1

  ISBN: 978-84-616-0652-8

  BN: 20111111-XX





e-Book in pdf format:


Digital Sensors and Sensor Systems: Practical Design book's cover


 Book Description


Semiconductor and integrated sensor design are heavily driven by technology scaling. Rapid advances in microelectronics and nano-technologies have brought new challenges to the digital, smart, intelligent sensors and sensor systems design.


Because such design approach based on the frequency (time)-to-digital conversion has not been adequately covered in the literature before, this unique book aims to fill a significant gap and presents new knowledge in this emerging area of modern sensors.


The goal of this book is to help the practicians achieve the best metrological and technical performances of digital sensors and sensor systems at low cost, and significantly to reduce time-to-market. It should be also useful for students, lectures and professors to provide a solid background of the novel concepts and design approach because of till now such topics have been covered adequately only in a few European and American universities.



Book features include:


  • Each of chapter can be used independently and contains its own detailed list of references

  • Easy-to-repeat experiments

  • Practical orientation

  • Dozens examples of various complete sensors and sensor systems for physical and chemical, electrical and non-electrical quantities

  • Detailed description of technology driven and coming alternative to the ADC – a frequency (time)-to-digital conversion, well suited for technology scaling

  • Easy design based on novel microelectronic components such as Universal Frequency-to-Digital Converters and Universal Sensors and Transducers Interfaces

  • Describes engineering technique how to estimate a resulting, total error of designed sensor system


Digital Sensors and Sensor Systems: Practical Design will greatly benefit undergraduate and at PhD students, engineers, scientists and researchers in both industry and academia. It is especially suited as a reference guide for practicians, working for Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEM) electronics market (electronics/hardware), sensor industry, and using commercial-off-the-shelf components, as well as anyone facing new challenges in technologies, and those involved in the design and creation of new digital sensors and sensor systems, including smart and/or intelligent sensors for physical or chemical, electrical or non-electrical quantities.


Read a book review.






About the Author


List of Abbreviations


Chapter 1. Introduction


1.1 Modern Sensor Markets and Trends

1.2 Technology Challenges

1.3 Digital Sensors and Systems Design Approach

1.4 References



Chapter 2. Universal Frequency-to-Digital Converters


2.1 Background and State-of-the-Art

2.2 Universal Frequency-to-Digital Converter (UFDC-1)

2.3 Universal Frequency-to-Digital Converter (UFDC-1M-16)

2.4 Evaluation Board EVAL UFDC-1/1M-16

2.5 References



Chapter 3. Universal Sensors and Transducers Interface (USTI)


3.1 General Description

3.2 Features, Metrological Performance and Main Electrical Characteristics

3.3 Functionality

3.5 Applications

3.6 Pin Out and Housing

3.7 Experimental Investigations

3.8 USTI for Extended Temperature Range (USTI-EXT)

3.9 USTI for Wireless Sensor Networks Applications (USTI-WSN)

3.10 References



Chapter 4. Frequency-to-Digital Converter with Parallel Interface (FDCP)


4.1 General Description

4.2 Pin Out and Housing

4.3 Interfacing with Digital Signal Controller

4.4 Applications

4.5 References



Chapter 5. Optoelectronic Digital Sensors and Sensor Systems


5.1 Quasi-digital Optical Sensors State-of-the-Art

5.2 Design Approaches

5.3 Digital Color and Light Sensors Based on Series of UFDC-1 ICs

     5.3.1 Color-to-Digital Converter

     5.3.2 Light-to-Digital Converter

     5.3.3 Bus Capabilities

5.4 Digital Optoelectronic Sensors and Sensor Systems Based on USTI IC

     5.4.1 Light- and Color-to-Digital Converters

     5.4.2 Sensor System for Automatic Paper Type and Thickness Detection

     5.4.3 Non-Contact, Short Distance Measuring System

5.5 References



Chapter 6. Digital Temperature Sensors and Sensor Systems


6.1 Quasi-digital Temperature Sensors: State-of-the-Art

6.2 Digital Temperature Sensor Systems Based on Quasi-digital Sensors and FDC ICs

6.3 Digital Temperature Sensor Systems Based on RTDs and Thermocouples

6.4 Digital Temperature Sensor Systems Based on Analog Sensors and VFC

6.5 References



Chapter 7. Digital Pressure Sensors and Transducers


7.1 Quasi-digital Pressure Sensors: State-of-the-Art

7.2 Digital and Smart Pressure Sensors and Sensor Systems

     7.2.1 Interfacing with Frequency Outputs Pressure Sensors and Transducers

     7.2.2 Interfacing with Pulse Number Outputs Pressure Sensors and Transducers

     7.2.3 Digital Pressure Sensors and Transducers with Voltage-to-Frequency Conversion

     7.2.4 Digital Pressure Sensors with PWM and Duty-Cycle-to-Digital Conversion

7.3 References



Chapter 8. Digital Humidity, Dew Point and Moisture Sensors


8.1 Quasi-digital Humidity, Dew Point and Moisture Sensors: State-of-the-Art

8.2 Digital Humidity Sensing Modules Design

8.3 Experimental Results

8.4 References



Chapter 9. Digital Accelerometers, Inclinometers and Gyroscopes


9.1 Quasi-digital Accelerometers and Inclinometers: State-of-the-Art

9.2 Digital Accelerometers Design

     9.2.1 Accelerometers based on quasi-digital sensors

     9.2.2 Acceleration to Frequency and PWM Circuits

9.3 Digital Inclinometers Design

9.4 Digital Gyroscopes Design

9.5 References



Chapter 10. Digital Magnetic Sensors


10.1 Quasi-digital Magnetic Sensors: State-of-the-Art

10.2 Digital Magnetic Sensor Systems Design

10.3 References



Chapter 11. Rotational Speed Sensors


11.1 Rotational Speed Sensors: State-of-the-Art

11.2 Digital Rotational Speed Sensors Design

11.3 References



Chapter 12. Chemical Sensors and Biosensors


12.1 Quasi-Digital Chemical Sensors and Biosensors: State-of-the-Art

     12.1.1 Chemical Sensors Review

     12.1.2 Biosensors Review

12.2 Digital Sensor Systems Design Based on Quartz Crystal Microbalance and Other Chemical Principles

     12.2.1 QCM-based Sensor Systems

     12.2.2 Modeling and Experimental Results

     12.2.3 Other Applications

12.3 References



Chapter 13. Capacitive Sensors Interfacing


13.1 Capacitance-to-digital Converters: State-of-the-Art Review

13.2 Direct Capacitive Sensors Interfacing

13.3 References



Chapter 14. Resistive Sensors Interfacing


14.1 Resistance-to-digital Converters: Introduction and Problem Definition

14.2 Direct Resistive Sensors Interface

14.3 References



Chapter 15. Resistive-Bridge Sensors Interfacing


15.1 Resistive-Bridge-to-digital Converters: State-of-the-Art Review

15.2 Direct Resistive-Bridge Sensors Interface

15.3 Applicaton Examples

     15.3.1 Strain Gages Emulation

     15.3.2 Differential Pressure Sensor Series SX30GD2

15.4 References



Chapter 16. DAQ Systems for Quasi-Digital Sensors and Transducers


16.1 Data Acquisition Systems: State-of-the-Art

16.2 DAQ Systems Design

     16.2.1 DAQ Channels for Quasi-Digital Signals

     16.2.2 DAQ Channels for Analog Signals

16.3 Multifunctional and Multiparametric Sensors, Transducers and Sensor Systems

16.4 References



Chapter 17. Intelligent Sensor Systems


17.1 Smart vs. Intelligent: Modern Definitions and Trends

17.2 IEEE 1451 Standard Extension and Adaptation for Quasi-Digital Transducers

     17.2.1 Smart IEEE 1451 Compatible Transducers and Modern Smart Sensor Definition

     17.2.2 Family of IEEE 1451 Standards and Quasi-Digital Sensors

     17.2.3 Physical Representation of IEEE 1451.2 for Quasi-Digital Sensors

     17.2.4 TEDS for Quasi-Digital Sensors and Transducers

     17.2.5 IEEE 1451.4 Mixed-Mode Interface for Quasi-Digital Sensors and Transducers

17.3 Self-Adaptive Sensors and Sensor Systems

     17.3.1 Adaptive Algorithms and Parametric Adaptation

     17.3.2 Examples of Self-Adaptive Intelligent Sensor Systems and Its Realizations

 Self-Adaptive Antilock Braking System (ABS)

 Self-Adaptive Smart Pressure Sensor System for Gas Pipeline

 Temperature and Humidity Self-Adaptive Intelligent Sensor Systems

 Self-Adaptive Smart Sensor System for Fail-Safe Cooling with Fan Speed Control

17.4 References



Chapter 18. Other Sensors, Sensor Systems and UFDC IC Applications


18.1 Sensors from Mechanical Signal Domain

     18.1.1 Flow Sensors

     18.1.2 Level Sensors

     18.1.3 Load Cells

     18.1.4 Position and Proximity Sensors

     18.1.5 Torque Sensors

     18.1.6 Other Sensors and Transducers

18.2 Wireless Sensors

18.3 Sensor Systems based on Universal Frequency-to-Digital Converter (UFDC)

     18.3.1 Low-Cost Tide Measurement System for Water Quality Assessment

     18.3.2 Sensor System for Energy and Power Consumption in One-phase AC Line

     18.3.3 Intelligent Stepper Motor Control

     18.3.4 Remote Laboratory for Smart Sensor Systems Design

18.4 References



Chapter 19. System-on-Chip (SoC), System-in-Package (SiP) and MEMS


19.1 System-on-Chip (SoC)

19.2 MEMS-based Oscillators

19.3 System-in-Package (SiP)

19.4 References


Appendix. Sensor System’s Error Estimation: Engineering Approach

References A




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