Sensors & Transducers Journal
(ISSN 1726- 5479)
Vol. 82, Issue 8, August 2007, pp. 1418-1422
Design of a Novel Capacitive Pressure Sensor
Ebrahim Abbaspour-Sani, Sodabeh Soleimani
Department of Electrical Engineering, Urmia University,
Urmia 57135, Iran
Received: 29 April 2007 /Accepted: 20 August 2007 /Published: 27 August 2007
Abstract: A novel capacitive pressure sensor based on surface micromachining technology is proposed and simulated. The sense element is considered as a parallel plate capacitor with one electrode fixed to the substrate, and the other suspended on a polysilicon diaphragm. In the presence of an oil pressure, the silicon diaphragm is deflected downward, which also displaces the suspended electrode downward. The sensor structure is in such away that due to the suspended electrode displacement, the effective area between two plates is changed, and therefore the capacitance is changed. It must be mentioned that the effective area as well as the gap between the capacitor plates vary with the applied pressure. However, the nonlinearity due to gap variation is about 9.46%. The dimensions of the sense element are 1.5mm×1.5mm, which consists of 25 cells: in a 5 columns and 5 rows manner. The capacitance varies between the 11.455-24.72pF, when the pressure varies in the range of 4-60psi. The minimum sensitivity of this sensor is about 0.135pF/psi.
Keywords: MEMS, Micromachining, Sensors, Pressure and FEA
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