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Vol. 168, Issue 4, April 2014, pp. 223-228




The Research of Indoor Positioning Based on Double-peak Gaussian Model

1, 2 Lina Chen, 2 Chunyu Miao, 2 Jianmin Zhao, 1 Zhengqi Zheng

1 East China Normal University, Shanghai, 200241, China
2 Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua Zhejiang, 321004, China
1 Tel.: +86-579-8228-2501, fax: +86-579-8229-8229

1 E-mail: chenlina@zjnu.edu.cn


Received: 20 January 2014 /Accepted: 7 March 2014 /Published: 30 April 2014

Digital Sensors and Sensor Sysstems


Abstract: Location fingerprinting using Wi-Fi signals has been very popular and is a well accepted indoor positioning method. The key issue of the fingerprinting approach is generating the fingerprint radio map. Limited by the practical workload, only a few samples of the received signal strength are collected at each reference point. Unfortunately, fewer samples cannot accurately represent the actual distribution of the signal strength from each access point. This study finds most Wi- Fi signals have two peaks. According to the new finding, a double-peak Gaussian arithmetic is proposed to generate a fingerprint radio map. This approach requires little time to receive WiFi signals and it easy to estimate the parameters of the double-peak Gaussian function. Compared to the Gaussian function and histogram method to generate a fingerprint radio map, this method better approximates the occurrence signal distribution. This paper also compared the positioning accuracy using K-Nearest Neighbour theory for three radio maps, the test results show that the positioning distance error utilizing the double-peak Gaussian function is better than the other two methods.


Keywords: Indoor positioning, Double-peak Gaussian arithmetic (DGA), Wi-Fi fingerprinting.


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