bullet Sensors & Transducers Journal

    (ISSN: 2306-8515, e-ISSN 1726-5479)


2013 Global Impact Factor


2008 e-Impact Factor

25 Top Downloaded Articles

Best Selling Articles 2012

Journal Subscription 2014

Editorial Calendar

Submit an Article

Editorial Board

Current Issue

S&T journal's cover

Sensors & Transducers Journal 2011

Sensors & Transducers Journal 2010

Sensors & Transducers Journal 2009

Sensors & Transducers Journal 2008

Sensors & Transducers Journal 2007

2000-2002 S&T e-Digest Contents

2003 S&T e-Digest Contents

2004 S&T e-Digest Contents

2005 S&T e-Digest Contents

2006 S&T e-Digest Contents


Best Articles 2011




Vol. 171, Issue 5, May 2014, pp. 99-105




Efficient Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks with Multiple Sessions

1, 2 Dianjie Lu, 1, 2* Guijuan Zhang, 3 Ren Han, 1, 2 Xiangwei Zheng and 1,2 Hong Liu

1 School of Information Science and Engineering, Shandong Normal University, 250014, Jinan, China
2 Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory for Novel Distributed Computer Software Technology, 250014, Jinan, China
3 School of Optical-Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, 200093, Shanghai, China

* E-mail: guijuanzhang@gmail.com


Received: 11 March 2014 /Accepted: 30 April 2014 /Published: 31 May 2014

Digital Sensors and Sensor Sysstems


Abstract: Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are subject to node failures because of limited energy and link unreliability which makes the design of routing protocols in such networks a challenging task. The multipath routing scheme is an optimal alternative to address this problem which splits the traffic across multiple paths instead of routing all the traffic along a single path. However, using more paths introduces more contentions which degrade energy efficiency. The problem becomes even more difficult in the scenario of multiple sessions since different source-destination pairs may pass the same link which makes the flow distribution of each link uncertain. Our goal is to minimize the energy cost and provide the robust transmission by choosing the optimal paths. We first study the problem from a theoretical standpoint by mapping it to the multi-commodity network design problem. Since it is hard to build a global addressing scheme due to the great number of sensor nodes, we propose a Distributed Energy Efficient Routing protocol (D2ER). In D2ER, we employ the transportation method which can optimize the flow distribution with minimal energy consumption. Simulation results demonstrate that our optimal algorithm can save energy drastically.


Keywords: Energy efficient, Wireless sensor networks, Routing, Multi-commodity, Transportation method.


Acrobat reader logo Click <here> or title of paper to download the full pages article in pdf format



Subscribe the full-page Sensors & Transducers journal in print (paper) or pdf formats

(shipping cost by standard mail for paper version is included)

(25 % discount for IFSA Members)




Alternatively we accept a money transfer to our bank account. Please contact for details: sales@sensorsportal.com



Download <here> the Library Journal Recommendation Form



Read more about Wireless Sensor Networks






1999 - 2014 Copyright , International Frequency Sensor Association (IFSA) Publishing, S.L. All Rights Reserved.

Home - News - Links - Archives - Tools - Voltage-to-Frequency Converters - Standardization - Patents - Marketplace - Projects - Wish List - e-Shop - Sensor Jobs - Membership - Videos - Publishing - Site Map - Subscribe - Search

 Members Area -Sensors Portal -Training Courses - S&T Digest - For advertisers - Bookstore - Forums - Polls - Submit Press Release - Submit White Paper - Testimonies - Twitter - Facebook - LinkedIn