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Vol. 187, Issue 4, April 2015, pp. 39-43




Characterizations of Soil Profiles Through Electric Resistivity Ratio

1 Chik Z. and 2 Islam T.

1 Department of Civil and Structural Engineering Faculty of Engineering & Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
2 Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Faculty of Computer Science and Engineering, PSTU, Bangladesh
2 Tel.: +8801719018370; fax: +60(3) 8921 6147

E-mail: staohidul@yahoo.com


Received: 12 January 2015 /Accepted: 27 March 2015 /Published: 30 April 2015

Digital Sensors and Sensor Sysstems


Abstract: This paper presents how near surface soil characteristics are obtained through soil electric resistivity ratio from soil apparent resistivity profile. In recent advances of electrical sensors, soil apparent resistivity is implemented as nondestructive method for obtaining near surface soil profile. Although geo-electric techniques offer an improvement to traditional soil sampling methods, the resulting data are still often misinterpreted for obtaining soil characteristics through apparent electrical resistivity in the field.  Because, soil resistivity as before rain and after rain are changeable due to the presence of more moisture contents in field investigations. In this study, the parameter of soil electric resistivity ratio is incorporated to obtain reliable near surface soil profiles from apparent resistivity of adjacent two layers in soil. The variations of potential differences are taken into account for using four probes method to get the soil apparent resistivity profile. The research is significant for simpler and faster  soil characterizations using resistivity ratio of apparent resistivity in soil investigations.


Keywords: Soil apparent resistivity, Resistivity ratio, Multi layered soil, Depth of soil layers, Soil characteristics.


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