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Vol. 189, Issue 6, June 2015, pp. 12-21

 

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An Airborne Wireless Sensor System for Near-Real Time Air Pollution Monitoring
 

Orestis EVANGELATOS, Jose ROLIM

Computer Science Department, University of Geneva, Geneva, 1227, Switzerland
Tel.: + 41 223790122, fax: + 41 223790250

E-mail: Orestis.evangelatos@unige.ch, jose.rolim@unige.ch

 

Received: 18 May 2015 /Accepted: 26 May 2015 /Published: 30 June 2015

Digital Sensors and Sensor Sysstems

 

Abstract: Over the last decades with the rapid growth of industrial zones, manufacturing plants and the substantial urbanization, environmental pollution has become a crucial health, environmental and safety concern. In particular, due to the increased emissions of various pollutants caused mainly by human sources, the air pollution problem is elevated in such extent where significant measures need to be taken. Towards the identification and the qualification of that problem, we present in this paper an airborne wireless sensor network system for automated monitoring and measuring of the ambient air pollution. Our proposed system is comprised of a pollution-aware wireless sensor network and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). It is designed for monitoring the pollutants and gases of the ambient air in three-dimensional spaces without the human intervention. In regards to the general architecture of our system, we came up with two schemes and algorithms for an autonomous monitoring of a three-dimensional area of interest. To demonstrate our solution, we deployed the system and we conducted experiments in a real environment measuring air pollutants such as: NH3, CH4, CO2, O2 along with temperature, relative humidity and atmospheric pressure. Lastly, we experimentally evaluated and analyzed the two proposed schemes.

 

Keywords: Airborne Systems, Wireless Sensor Networks, Pollution Monitoring.

 

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