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Vol. 193, Issue 10, October 2015, pp. 23-32

 

Bullet

 

Novel Smart Glove Technology as a Biomechanical Monitoring Tool
 

1 Brendan O’FLYNN, 1 J. T. SANCHEZ, 1 S. TEDESCO, 2 B. DOWNES, 3 J. CONNOLLY, 3 J. CONDELL, 3 K. CURRAN

1 Tyndall National Institute, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland
2 Waterford Institute of Technology, Waterford, Ireland
3 Computing & Engineering, Magee College, Ulster University, Derry, N. Ireland
1 Tel.: +353 21 2346041, fax: +353 21 49004958

E-mail: brendan.oflynn@tyndall.ie

 

Received: 31 August 2015 /Accepted: 5 October 2015 /Published: 30 October 2015

Digital Sensors and Sensor Sysstems

 

Abstract: Developments in Virtual Reality (VR) technology and its overall market have been occurring since the 1960s when Ivan Sutherland created the world’s first tracked head-mounted display (HMD) – a goggle type head gear. In society today, consumers are expecting a more immersive experience and associated tools to bridge the cyber-physical divide. This paper presents the development of a next generation smart glove microsystem to facilitate Human Computer Interaction through the integration of sensors, processors and wireless technology. The objective of the glove is to measure the range of hand joint movements, in real time and empirically in a quantitative manner. This includes accurate measurement of flexion, extension, adduction and abduction of the metacarpophalangeal (MCP), Proximal interphalangeal (PIP) and Distal interphalangeal (DIP) joints of the fingers and thumb in degrees, together with thumb-index web space movement. This system enables full real-time monitoring of complex hand movements. Commercially available gloves are not fitted with sufficient sensors for full data capture, and require calibration for each glove wearer. Unlike these current state-of-the-art data gloves, the UU / Tyndall Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) glove uses a combination of novel stretchable substrate material and 9 degree of freedom (DOF) inertial sensors in conjunction with complex data analytics to detect joint movement. Our novel IMU data glove requires minimal calibration and is therefore particularly suited to multiple application domains such as Human Computer interfacing, Virtual reality, the healthcare environment..

 

Keywords: Data glove, IMU, Virtual reality, Arthritis, Joint Stiffness, Hand Monitoring.

 

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