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Vol. 210, Issue 3, March 2017, pp. 20-28

 

Bullet

 

Possible Lead Free Nanocomposite Dielectrics for High Energy Storage Applications
 

* Srinivas Kurpati and Ramesh Singampalli

Department of Physics, GITAM University, Nagadenahalli, Bengaluru-562163, India
Tel.: 080-28098000, fax: 080-28098002

* E-mail: srinkura@gmail.com

 

Received: 9 January 2017 /Accepted: 3 March 2017 /Published: 31 March 2017

Digital Sensors and Sensor Sysstems

 

Abstract: There is an increasing demand to improve the energy density of dielectric capacitors for satisfying the next generation material systems. One effective approach is to embed high dielectric constant inclusions such as lead zirconia titanate in polymer matrix. However, with the increasing concerns on environmental safety and biocompatibility, the need to expel lead (Pb) from modern electronics has been receiving more attention. Using high aspect ratio dielectric inclusions such as nanowires could lead to further enhancement of energy density. Therefore, the present brief review work focuses on the feasibility of development of a lead-free nanowire reinforced polymer matrix capacitor for energy storage application. It is expected that Lead-free sodium Niobate nanowires (NaNbO3) and Boron nitride will be a future candidate to be synthesized using simple hydrothermal method, followed by mixing them with polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF)/ divinyl tetramethyl disiloxanebis (benzocyclobutene) matrix using a solution-casting method for Nanocomposites fabrication. The energy density of NaNbO3 and BN based composites are also be compared with that of lead-containing (PbTiO3/PVDF) Nano composites to show the feasibility of replacing lead-containing materials from high-energy density dielectric capacitors. Further, this paper explores the feasibility of these materials for space applications because of high energy storage capacity, more flexibility and high operating temperatures. This paper is very much useful researchers who would like to work on polymer nanocomposites for high energy storage applications.

 

Keywords: Dielectrics, Polymers, Nanowires, Nanocomposites, Energy storage devices.

 

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