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Vol. 125, Issue 2, February 2011, pp.54-67



A Preliminary Test for Skin Gas Assessment Using a Porphyrin Based Evanescent Wave Optical Fiber Sensor


Roman SELYANCHYN, Sergiy KORPOSH, Wataru YASUKOCHI and *Seung-Woo LEE

Graduate School of Environmental Engineering, the University of Kitakyushu, 1-1, Hibikino, Wakamatsu-ku, Kitakyushu, 808-013, Japan

Tel.: +81-093-695-3293, +81-093-695-3384

E-mail: leesw@env.kitakyu-u.ac.jp



Received: 29 October 2011   /Accepted: 15 February 2011   /Published: 28 February 2011


Abstract: An evanescent-wave optical fibre sensor modified with tetrakis-(4-sulfophenyl) porphine (TSPP) and poly(allylamine hydrochloride) (PAH) bilayers using layer-by-layer (LbL) electrostatic self-assembly was tested to measure the gas emitted from human skin. Optical intensity changes at different wavelengths in the transmission spectrum of the porphyrin-based film were induced by the human skin gas and measured as sensor response. Influence of relative humidity, which can be a major interference to sensor response, was thoroughly studied and shown to be significantly different when compared to the influence of skin emanations. Responses of the current optical sensor system could be considered as composite sensor array, where different optical wavelengths act as channels that have selective response to specific volatile compounds. Data obtained from the sensor system was analyzed using principal component analysis (PCA). This approach enabled to distinguish skin odors of different people and their altered physiological conditions after alcohol consumption.


Keywords: Skin gas, Relative humidity, Porphyrin, Layer-by-layer approach, Evanescent wave fibre optic sensor.


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