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Vol. 126, Issue 3, March 2011, pp.52-63

 

Bullet

 

Design and Manufacture an Ultrasonic Dispersion System with Automatic Frequency Adjusting Property

 

Herlina Abdul Rahim, Javad Abbaszadeh Bargoshadi, Sahar Sarrafi Ruzairi Abdul Rahim

Department of Control and Instrumentation Engineering, Faculty of Electrical Engineering,

Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Skudai, Johor, Malaysia

 

 

Received: 7 February 2011   /Accepted: 17 March 2011   /Published: 29 March 2011

 

Abstract: This paper a novel ultrasonic dispersion system for the cleaning application or dispersing of particles which are mixed in liquid has been proposed. The frequency band of designed system is 30 kHz so that the frequency of ultrasonic wave sweeps from 30 kHz to 60 kHz with 100 Hz steps. One of the superiority of manufactured system in compare with the other similar systems which are available in markets is that this system can transfer the maximum and optimum energy of ultrasonic wave inside the liquid tank with the high efficiency in the whole of the usage time of the system. The used ultrasonic transducers in this system as the generator of ultrasonic wave is the type of air coupled ceramic ultrasonic piezoelectric with the nominal maximum power 50 Watt. The frequency characteristic of applied piezoelectric is that it produces the maximum amplitude of ultrasonic wave on the resonance frequency, so this system is designed to work on resonance frequency of piezoelectric, continuously. This is done by the use of control system which is consisted of two major parts, sensing part and controlling part. The manufactured ultrasonic dispersion system is consisted of 9 piezoelectrics so that it can produce 450 watt ultrasonic energy, totally. The main purpose of this project is to produce a safety system especially for fatigue car driver so as to prevent from accidents. The statistic on road fatality shows that human error constitute of 64.84 % road accidents fatality and 17.4 % due to technical factors. These systems encompassed the approach of hand pressure applied on the steering wheel. The steering will be installed with pressure sensors. At the same time these sensors can be used to measure gripping force while driving.

 

Keywords: Ultrasonic dispersion, Frequency sweep, Piezoelectric, High power, Nano-particles

 

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