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Vol. 134, Issue 11, November 2011, pp.65-75




A Resistive Humidity Sensor Based on Nanostructured WO3-ZnO Composites


Karunesh Tiwari, Anupam Tripathi, N. K. Pandey

Sensor & Material Research laboratory, Department of Physics, University of Lucknow

Lucknow, India

E-mail: Karunesh81@gmail.com, anu_198117@yahoo.co.in



Received: 15 August 2011   /Accepted: 21 November 2011   /Published: 29 November 2011

Handbook of Laboaratory Measurements book


Abstract: Paper reports morphological and humidity sensing studies of WO3 and WO3-ZnO composite pellets prepared in the weight % ratio of 10:1, 4:1 and 2:1 by solid-state reaction route. The pellets have been annealed at temperatures of 300-500 C. XRD pattern shows peaks of ZnWO4 formed due to solid state reaction between WO3 and ZnO. SEM micrographs show that the sensing elements manifest porous structure. Granulation and tendency to agglomerate seen in the SEM micrograph are due to the presence of zinc ions in ZnWO4. Nanoparticles are having their sizes in the range 37-182 nm. The average Kelvin radius at 20˚C room temperature is 27 Ả. Humidity sensing application of the pellets has been studied in a humidity control cabinet. It is observed that as relative humidity increases, there is decrease in the resistance of pellets in the range 10-85 % RH. Sensing element of WO3-ZnO in 2:1 weight % ratio shows best results in 10-85 % relative humidity range. The average sensitivity of this sample is 1.25 MΩ/%RH. This sensing element shows good reproducibility, low hysteresis and less effect of aging.


Keywords: Humidity, WO3, ZnO, Nanocomposite, Kelvin radius, Metal oxides, Sem, XRD


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