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Vol. 13, Special Issue, December 2011, pp.21-30




Fabrication and Analysis of MEMS Test Structures for Residual Stress Measurement


1 Akshdeep SHARMA, 1 Deepak BANSAL, 1 Maninder KAUR, 1 Prem KUMAR, 2 Dinesh KUMAR, 3 Rina SHARMA and 1 K. J. RANGRA

1 Sensors and Nanotechnology Group, Central Electronics Engineering Research Institute (CEERI)/ Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Pilani, Rajasthan 333031, India

2 Dept. of Electronics Science, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra, Haryana, India

3 National Physical Laboratory (NPL), New Delhi-110 012, India

E-mail: akshdeepsharma@gmail.com, krangra@ceeri.ernet.in, dineshelectronics@gmail.com, rina@nplindia.org



Received: 29 June 2011   /Accepted: 16 November 2011   /Published: 28 December 2011

Handbook of Laboaratory Measurements book


Abstract: A set of test structures for in situ stress measurement is presented. The test structures were realized by means of surface micromachining, adopting photoresist as a sacrificial layer and electroplated gold as a structural layer. Initially array of buckling type test structures cantilevers, fixed- fixed beams, Guckel rings and diamond were used to find out critical buckling beam. Later on rotational type pointer, double indicator and long-short beam strain sensor were analyzed to find out stress. Stress measurement techniques using micromachined structures are compared with the wafer curvature technique. Analytical calculations of the fabricated structures were performed for plated gold for which the value of residual stress has been found between 100 and 150 MPa.


Keywords: MEMS test structures, Residual stress, Stress gradient, Surface micromachining


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