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Vol. 16, Special Issue, November 2012, pp. 261-268




Finite Element Analysis of Vane Seals

1 Guozhang Jiang, 1 Li Zhao, 1 Jianyi Kong, 1 Gongfa Li, 1 Liangxi Xie

1 College of Mechanical Automation, Wuhan University of Science and Technology,

Wuhan 430081, Hubei, China

Tel.: 15907108660

E-mail: 543178903@qq.com



Received: 11 September 2012   /Accepted: 11 October 2012   /Published: 20 November 2012

Digital Sensors and Sensor Sysstems


Abstract: Sealing performance is of critical importance to the reliability of a hydraulic system. Vane seals obey complex stress-strain laws while working under high pressure and large temperature differentials, which are generally non-linear. A non-linear model is developed to test the vane seal performances. In the model, the vane seal is simplified to two dimensions and analyzed by using plane strain element and general plane strain element. The finite element analysis (FEA) of linear material model is compared with that of non-linear material model. The comparison shows that the FEA results of linear material model are basically in agreement with those of non-linear material model owing to vane seal’s little deformation under pre-compression.


Keywords: Vane seal, Seal rubber, Numerical approximation, FEA



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