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Vol. 18, Special Issue, January 2013, pp. 113-119


Selected papers from the 3rd International Conference on Sensor Device Technologies and Applications (SENSORDEVICES' 2012)
and The 6th International Conference on Sensor Technologies and Applications (SENSORCOMM' 2012),

19 - 24 August 2012, Rome, Italy




Wireless Underwater Monitoring Systems Based on Energy Harvestings
Sea-Hee HWANGBO, Jun-Ho JEON and Sung-Joon PARK

Digital Communication Lab.

Department of Electronic Engineering, Gangneung-Wonju National University,

7 Jukheon-Gil, Gangneung, Gangwon 210-702, Republic of Korea

Tel.: (82)336402386, fax: (82)336460740

E-mail: psj@ieee.org



Received: 15 November 2012   /Accepted: 14 December 2012   /Published: 22 January 2013

Digital Sensors and Sensor Sysstems


Abstract: One of the important research fields for aquatic exploitation and conservation is underwater wireless sensor network. Since limited energy source for underwater nodes and devices is a main open problem, in this paper, we propose wireless underwater monitoring systems powered by energy harvester which resolves the energy constraint. The target system generates renewable energy from energy harvester and shares the energy with underwater sensor nodes. For the realization of the system, key components to be investigated are discriminated as follows: acoustic modem, actuator, smart battery charge controller, energy harvester and wireless power transfer module. By developing acoustic modem, actuator and smart battery charge controller and utilizing off-the-shelf energy harvester and wireless power transfer module, we design and implement a prototype of the system. Also, we verify the feasibility of concept of target system by conducting indoor and outdoor experiments.


Keywords: Underwater wireless sensor network (UWSN), energy harvesting, underwater monitoring, acoustic modem, remotely operated vehicle (ROV), wireless power transfer, battery controller


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