Sensors & Transducers e-Digest, Vol. 88, Issue 2, February 2008: Product News
(ISSN 1726- 5479)
Sensors Ensure Precision in Airbus Wing Assembly
CARY, N.C. – MTS Systems Corp., Sensors Division is providing the R-Series SSI encoder position sensor to Electroimpact, Inc., for its material handling solution designed to provide a stable control system in the wing assembly of the Airbus A380. The Temposonics®RH SSI linear transducers measure vertical position in panel loader arms that are designed to guarantee precise and accurate measurements when positioning wing panels.
“The MTS R-Series SSI sensor is ideal for this application,” said Charles Hopper, engineer for Electroimpact, Inc. “By burying the sensor inside the hydraulic cylinder it remains completely protected. The SSI interface eliminates issues with noise and the package integrates nicely with the HNC servo hydraulic controller. We have had no issues with this equipment in the field.”
Electroimpact was charged with designing a solution that would establish panel form in the oversized wing panels as they were lifted off the ground and provide a stable control system that would enable operators to control the position of the skin assembly as the stringers were engaged into the ribs.
Electroimpact’s system includes six telescoping panel loader arms that attach to the wing panels at discrete lift points and enable operators to manage the panel position and form. Such a configuration of the distributed support points creates a system that is statically indeterminate, so the design team created a two-point lift system by setting two of the panel loader arms to control position. The other arms are set to seek a predetermined load. Only two panel loader arms control position, while the remaining arms chase load adjust according to the vertical height of the position arms.
The accuracy and reliability of the controller is key to the operation due to the immense size of the wing panel and the number of stringer-to-rib interfaces. Since the entire system is digitally controlled, the position is accurate to 1 mm, force to 50 lbs. with a 4 millisecond scan time.
The panel loader arms included several parts that guarantee precise and accurate measurements when positioning panels, including:
The Temposonics transducers are contained in a large hydraulic cylinder that drives the vertical axis. The servovalve and HNC controller maintain pressure on each side of the cylinder and also communicate with the load cell and transducer. The RH SSI linear sensors are ideal for applications that require continuous use under extreme conditions. The rod housing around the sensor enables it to withstand high pressures, like those from the hydraulic cylinder. The sensor is double-shielded to ensure EMI protection for unsurpassed reliability and operating safety.
In the case of the Airbus A380, the SSI linear transducer allowed for superior measurements and control compared to other hydraulic sensors. The main feature of synchronous serial interface (SSI) is synchronized data transfer. In the close-loop system designed for the wing assembly, the HNC controller provided a means of monitoring position and force. Synchronization in this close-loop system was made much simpler with the MTS RH linear transducer. A clock pulse train from the HNC controller is used to gate out sensor data: one bit of position data is transmitted to the controller per one clock pulse received from the sensor. The absolute position data is continuously updated by the sensor and converted by the shift-register into serial information. The pulses occur milliseconds apart, allowing for real time data for operators. The HNC was also set up to the SSI scales directly, meaning no conversions were needed.
The magnetostrictive technology employed by MTS Temposonics sensors was specially suited for this application because it eliminates wear and guarantees the best durability and output repeatability.
MTS Systems Corp, Sensors Division,
3001 Sheldon Drive, Cary, NC 27513
Tel.: (919) 677-0100
Read more about position sensors
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