bullet Sensors & Transducers Journal

    (ISSN 1726- 5479)


2008 e-Impact Factor

25 Top Downloaded Articles

Journal Subscription 2012

Editorial Calendar 2012

Submit an Article

Editorial Board

Current Issue

Sensors & Transducers journal's cover

Sensors & Transducers Journal 2011

Sensors & Transducers Journal 2010

Sensors & Transducers Journal 2009

Sensors & Transducers Journal 2008

Sensors & Transducers Journal 2007

2000-2002 S&T e-Digest Contents

2003 S&T e-Digest Contents

2004 S&T e-Digest Contents

2005 S&T e-Digest Contents

2006 S&T e-Digest Contents


Best Articles 2011




Vol. 142, No. 7, July 2012, pp. 10-22




A Survey of Power-Efficient Gathering of Sensor Information System Based Routing Protocols of Wireless Sensor Networks


1 Muktar HUSSAINI, 2 Farhat ANWAR, 3Aisha HASSAN A. H.

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM)

P. O. Box 10, 53100, Gombak, Malaysia.

E-mail: 1 elhussenkaz@yahoo.com, 2 farhat@iium.edu.my, 3 aisha@iium.edu.my



Received: 26 March 2012   /Accepted: 23 July 2012   /Published: 31 July 2012

Digital Sensors and Sensor Sysstems


Abstract: Energy consumption has to be considered when developing energy-efficient routing algorithms, which has been a challenging issue in the field of WSNs. The idea of LEACH is dynamic clustering that brings extra overhead, such as head changes and advertisements, which may diminish the gain in energy consumption. Moreover, PEGASIS a near optimal chain-based protocol proposed, it was an improvement over LEACH protocol to extend the network lifetime. However, PEGASIS data transmission will create time-delay and, the probability of long chain is always high because of the limitations of greedy algorithm approach for such shortcomings, many protocols was proposed by researchers recently improved algorithms based on PEGASIS such as PEG-Ant, PDCH and PCC et al. Among them, EEPB, and IEEPB was proposed. In this paper, a survey of some routing protocols that are classified based on PEGASIS topology was conducted, and conclude with some open research problems for further research.


Keywords: Protocol, Energy efficiency, Life-time, Energy consumption, Wireless sensor network



Buy this article online or subscribe Sensors & Transducers journal (12 issues per year plus special issues; 40 % discount for payment IFSA Members):



Sensors & Transducers journal subscription

450 $ US per year:


Buy this review article for
14.95 $ US:





Alternatively we accept a money transfer to our bank account. Please contact for details: sales@sensorsportal.com


Download <here> the Library Journal Recommendation Form



Read more about Wireless Sensor Networks and Wireless Sensors





1999 - 2012 Copyright , International Frequency Sensor Association (IFSA). All Rights Reserved.

Home - News - Links - Archives - Tools - Voltage-to-Frequency Converters - Standardization - Patents - Marketplace - Projects - Wish List - e-Shop - Sensor Jobs - Membership - Videos - Publishing - Site Map - Subscribe - Search

 Members Area -Sensors Portal -Training Courses - S&T Digest - For advertisers - Bookstore - Forums - Polls - Submit Press Release - Submit White Paper - Testimonies - Twitter - Facebook - LinkedIn