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Vol. 194, Issue 11, November 2015, pp. 84-92




Bird and Small Animal Tracking Using a GSM-based System

1 Samuel Matos, 2 Raul Morais, 3 P. M. Araújo, 4 P. J. Q. Tenreiro, 5 P. J. S. G. Ferreira and 6 M. J. C. S. Reis

1 University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro (UTAD), Apartado 1013, 5001-801 Vila Real, Portugal
2 INESC-TEC and UTAD, Apartado 1013, 5001-801 Vila Real, Portugal
3 MARE, University of Coimbra, Portugal
4 ICNF, Portugal
5 DETI/IEETA, University of Aveiro, 3810-193, Portugal
6 IEETA and UTAD, Apartado 1013, 5001-801 Vila Real, Portugal
Tel.: 259350374, fax: 259350356

E-mail: samrmatos@gmail.com, rmorais@utad.pt, mmiguelinhu@gmail.com, paulo.tenreiro@icnf.pt, pjf@ua.pt, mcabral@utad.pt


Received: 31 August 2015 /Accepted: 15 October 2015 /Published: 30 November 2015

Digital Sensors and Sensor Sysstems


Abstract: This paper describes a prototype of a system designed to track animals, goods or persons. The system is based exclusively on Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) services, which are presently widespread. Its advantages and drawbacks are also discussed. The system itself consists of two independent parts: the base device and the location device. The location device is the part actually attached to the animal, good or person being tracked. It combines reduced size and weight with extended range. The base device can deal with one or more location devices. Its role is to receive the Short Message Service (SMS) sent by the location devices and forward them to an application that decodes and stores the location data in a database. Since energy considerations and testing are fundamental in this context, we present detailed energy consumption profiles and the computer applications developed to test the system. We also discuss the results of practical tests with wild and captive birds.


Keywords: GSM-based location, Location system, Geolocation, Tracking system, Bird tracking.


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