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Vol. 101, Issue 2, February 2009, pp.132-151





Non-invasive Blood Glucose Quantification Using a Hybrid Sensor


1Sundararajan JAYAPAL, 2Dr. V. Palanisamy, 1Sandeep MANDYAM

Anna University, Chennai

1Paavai Engineering College, NH-7, Pachal, Namakkal-637 018

2Info Institute of Engineering, Coimbatore-641107

Tamilnadu, India

E-mail: Dharsini_71@yahoo.co.in, Mandyam_sandeep@yahoo.co.in



Received: 26 November 2008   /Accepted: 20 February 2009   /Published: 28 February 2009


Abstract: Diabetes Mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by high blood sugar (glucose) levels which result from defects in insulin secretion. It is very important for the diabetics and normal people to have a correct blood glucose level. The HbA1c test is the most preferred test by renowned doctors for glucose quantification. But this test is an invasive one. At present, there are many available techniques for this purpose but these are mostly invasive or minimally non-invasive and most of these are under research. Among the different methods available, the photo acoustic (PA) methods provide a reliable solution since the acoustical energy loss is much less compared to the optical or other techniques.


Here a novel framework is presented for blood glucose level measurement using a combination of the HbA1c test and a PA method to get an absolutely consistent and precise, non-invasive technique. The setup uses a pulsed laser diode with pulse duration of 5-15 ns and at a repetition rate of 10 Hz as the source. The detector setup is based on the piezoelectric detection. It consists of a ring detector that includes two double ring sensors that are attached to the ring shaped module that can be worn around the finger. The major aim is to detect the photo acoustic signals from the glycated hemoglobin with the least possible error.


The proposed monitoring system is designed with extreme consideration to precision and compatibility with the other computing devices. The results obtained in this research have been studied and analyzed by comparing these with those of in-vitro techniques like the HPLC. The comparison has been plotted and it shows a least error. The results also show a positive drive for using this concept as a basis for future extension in quantifying the other blood components.


Keywords: Photo acoustic (PA), HbA1C, Pulsed repetition frequency, Pulsed laser diode, Double ring sensor, Direction sensitivity


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